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The Gender Retirement Gap means men retire on average with $93,000 more than women. The Hold the Door Report identifies the five closed doors women face up to that point, due to unconscious bias.

What is Pay Gap O’Clock?

Data released by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) has highlighted an average gender pay gap in Australia of 13.3 per cent. Having applied this pay gap to a ‘typical’ 9am – 5pm workday, we have calculated that as of 3:56pm every day, Australian women are effectively working for free.

Aware Super CEO, Deanne Stewart believes more can be done to end pay inequity, and showing the real impact to women is a step in the right direction.

"For us, Pay Gap O’Clock symbolises the single greatest impediment to Australian women achieving their best possible financial position at retirement. It’s frankly not good enough and it’s not enough that we talk about this issue a few times throughout the year.

That’s why we’ve designated 4:02pm as Pay Gap O’Clock – to put a daily reminder in the diaries of Australian workplaces that as of this time, your female workforce is essentially there for free."

What is Gender Pay Equity and the Gender Pay Gap?

Gender pay equity is the difference in pay between genders holding an equal position. Among other factors, such as limited paid parental leave, direct and indirect discrimination, lack of work flexibility and the predominantly lower wages in the highly feminised caring sectors, gender pay equity is one of the biggest contributing factors to the gender pay gap.

We think this is important to talk about for two reasons:

  1. To highlight the disparity between men and women at work today; and
  2. As a superannuation fund we see firsthand the impact of Australia’s gender pay gap on the retirement savings of everyday Australian workers

What does Gender Pay Gap mean for Australian women?

On average women are paid 12% less than their male counterparts

Women work on average 58 minutes per day for free

Australian women do $51.8 billion worth of free work each year

Over time the pay difference for women equates to thousands of dollars in lost super

How do I calculate my worth?

To demonstrate the impact of WGEA’s gender pay gap data on Pay Gap O’Clock around the country, you’ll find below the Pay Gap O’Clock times by both Australian State and Territory, and Industry Sector. This also shows the knock-on effect of the gender pay gap on women’s own retirement savings.


Find your pay gap o'clock

Times have been calculated to local time


Scroll table horizontally on mobile

Industry Gender Pay Gap % Gender Pay Gap $ Gender Retirement Gap $* Pay-gap adjusted minutes Pay-gap adjusted working day Pay Gap O'Clock (your local time) Women's minutes per hour 3-hour adjusted shift 4-hour adjusted shift
Professional, Scientific & Technical Services




112 367 3:07pm 46 2:17 3:03
Health Care & Social Assistance 20.6% $451.10 $166,000 98 381 3:21pm 48 2:22 3:10
Financial & Insurance Services 17.5% $416.40 $153,000 84 396 3:35pm 49 2:28 3:17
Construction 6.8% $121.70 $45,000 32 447 4:27pm 56 2:47 3:43
Rental Hiring & Real Estate Services 14.7% $279.10 $102,000 70 409 3:49pm 51 2:33 3:24
Mining 15.8% $480.40 $176,000 75 404 3:44pm 51 2:31 3:22
Wholesale Trade 12.7% $229.90 $84,000 60 419 3:59pm
52 2:37 3:29
Information Media & Telecommunications 16.1% $409.40 $150,000 77 402 3:42pm 50 2:30 3:21
Administrative & Support Services 17.6% $321.40 $118,000 84 395 3:35pm 57 2:28 3:17
Transport, Postal & Warehousing 7.6% $141.30 $52,000 36 443 4:23pm 55 2:46 3:41
Retail Trade 10.4% $157 $58,000 50 429 4:09pm 54 2:41 3:34
Manufacturing 12.6% $220.20 $81,000 60 419 3:59pm 52 2:37 3:29
Education & Training 8.6% $180.90 $66,000 41 438 4:18pm 55 2:44 3:39
Accommodation & Food Services 9.6% $138.90 $51,000 45 434 4:14pm 54 2:42 3:37
Public Administration & Safety 5.2% $107.50 $39,000 25 454 4:34pm 57 2:50 3:47
Arts & Recreation Services 15.5% $282.90 $104,000 74 405 3:45pm 51 2:32 3:22
Electricity, Gas, Water & Waste Services 10.7% $242.80 $89,000 51 428 4:08pm 54 2:40 3:34
Other Services 7.5% $111.80 $41,000 36 443 4:23pm 55 2:46 3:41

*We have assumed that the gender pay gap is to decrease steadily to nil over the next 168 years. This is a projection based on the annual reduction in the gender pay gap over FY22 for East Asia and the Pacific. (Source: World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report 2022).
Results are based on 40 years in the workforce and are shown in today’s dollars, rounded to the nearest $1,000.
We have assumed an investment return net of all tax and fees of 6.25% p.a., and an inflation rate of 4% p.a. Employer SG contributions are included at the legislated rate (growing from 10.5% in FY23 to 12% in FY26 and beyond).

What can we do today, or any day?

Anyone who recognises Pay Gap O’Clock should do it in a way that’s meaningful and appropriate for themselves – it could be as simple as setting an alarm on your desk to go off at 3:56pm, or meeting a colleague for an afternoon cuppa.

Aware Super regularly encourages companies we invest in to publish their gender pay equity policies on the company intranet - and to talk to staff about this. If you don’t know your company's policy, open a dialogue with your employer.  

If you’re Employer, visit WGEA’s Take Action page, which is full of useful tools and guides to help companies to start building out their Gender Equity Strategy and become an Employer of Choice.

Visit Aware Super Facebook and LinkedIn channels to find content you can share with your social communities and start a conversation.

What does Aware Super do every day?

We’re aware of the challenges many of our female members face in achieving an equal retirement compared to their male counterparts. That’s why we choose to challenge the government and superannuation industry to affect real change. We have, and continue to, advocate for:

  1. A 12% Super Guarantee for all,
  2. payment of superannuation for up to 12 months of family leave,
  3. changes to family law to ensure a more equitable split in super assets due to partnership breakdowns,
  4. allowing couples to equalise their super through a joint account,
  5. better access and reduced cost of childcare, to enable women to return to the workforce.
  6. Commitment to being a Workplace Gender Equality Agency Employer of Choice for Gender Equality, now its seventh year